Galicia is an autonomous community in northwest Spain (, composed of four provinces: A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra. It is bordered by Portugal to the south, the Spanish autonomous communities of Castilla y León and Asturias to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Bay of Biscay to the north. Besides its continental territory, Galicia includes Arousa Island, the archipelagos of Cíes and Ons, Sálvora Island, Cortegada Island, Malveiras Islands, Sisargas Islands, and other minor isles and islets.

Galicia has roughly 2.79 million inhabitants, with the largest concentration in two coastal areas, from Ferrol to A Coruña in the north-west, and from Villagarcía to Vigo in the south-west. The capital is Santiago de Compostela, in the province of A Coruña. Vigo, in the province of Pontevedra, is the most populous municipality with 297,332 inhabitants followed by A Coruña with 246,056 habitants. Both cities are the cores of the two major metropolitan areas of Galicia. Two languages are official and widely used in Galicia: Galician, a Romance language which, along with Portuguese, descends from medieval Galician-Portuguese, and Spanish.